July 23, 2013 by thehealthyheartcenter
Children tend to have a greater risk of dehydration and overheating because they sweat less, produce more heat when exercising, and also may not recognize feeling thirsty. It is also not uncommon for children to get distracted and ignore signs of thirst, not wanting to interrupt their activities.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reccomends that parents and caregivers be proactive and encourage periodic drinking every 20 minutes. A child who weighs 88 lbs. needs 5 onces of tap water (a little more than half a cup), while an adolescent who weighs 132 lbs. needs 9 ounces (a little more than a cup).
- Signs of Dehydration
-Mild dehydration can cause headaches, or dry mouth.
-Severe dehydration can cause lightheadedness, nausea and vomiting, weakness, and fatigue.
-Symptoms can become deadly once one becomes confused, stops sweating, decreased urine output, and possible muscle craming and heart palpitations.
- Water vs. Sports Drinks
-The additional calories from sugar in sports drinks promote dental carries and obesity, therefore it is recommended by the AAP that water be the first-choice beverage before, during, and after activity.
-Sports drinks, however, may have a place for older children who are doing strenuous exercise and may perform better with the added boost. More strenuous activity could mean higher temperatures than usual or activity in a competitive league with more intense practice and play.
- Energy Drinks vs. Sports Drinks
-Energy drinks typically contain ingredients such as caffeine, guarana, and other herbs and supplements, which pose various risks twhen consumed in large quantities, particularly for children and adolescents.
-Researchers have found that some adolescents who consumed energy drinks on a regular basis experienced seizures, diabetes, heart abnormalities, or mood and behavioral disorders. These drinks can also react badly with certain medications.